Employment in Export-Oriented Agricultural Value Chain in Rwanda
This synthesis report is based on work done through the Joint European Union and International Labour Office of the Government of Rwanda (EU-ILO) project, aimed at strengthening the impact on employment of sectoral and trade policies. It synthesizes findings from the 2017 study understanding the effects of increased agricultural exports on employment in the agricultural value chain in Rwanda. This study estimates the wages and gross profit along the value chains to gauge the potential effects of increased agricultural exports on employment and gross profits in both traditional export value chains of pyrethrum, tea, and coffee as well as selected value chains developed recently (green beans, cut flowers, and essential oils). Furthermore, it also incorporates findings from a baseline study on employment in agricultural value chains and those from an assessment by the International Trade Centre (ITC, 2017) on the potential of export crops in Rwanda. The objective of the baseline study was to assess the number of people employed in the three traditional agricultural export value chains as well as non-traditional products including green beans, cut flowers, and essential oils. This synthesis first describes the methodology used and then gives a description of each value chain and the split of the export added value among its various players. Finally, it provides an overview of the employment effects along the different value chains and how these could be impacted by increased production for export.