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Gender, Poverty and Environmental Indicators on African Countries - 2016

Green growth is an integral element of the green economy, capable of delivering very low-carbon and climate-compatible development. A green economy ensures improved human well-being, social inclusion and equity, while critically reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. For this reason, transitioning to green growth was selected as a key objective in the African Development Bank’s Ten Year Strategy 2013–22. In a green economy, income growth and employment are driven by investments aimed at reducing carbon emissions and pollution while supporting biodiversity, as well as energy and resource efficiency. This paper computes a pilot Green Growth Index (GGI) for developing countries, focusing on 22 selected African nations capable of furnishing the requisite data. This exercise, which took a year and a half to complete, is premised on the importance of developing countries implementing green growth strategies. The base indicators used allow countries to monitor and evaluate their progress toward achievement of the Green Growth agenda. To this end, a GGI was formulated, which incorporated indicators across a raft of different sectors, ranging from energy (e.g. share of renewable energy, carbon emissions, etc.), to the economy (GDP), human development (health, education, GNI), overseas aid, infrastructure, land use, etc. What emerges from this pilot African GGI study is that 18 of the 22 African countries included in the study scored 50 percentage points or more. Only four countries scored below this threshold, namely: Egypt, Algeria, Nigeria, and South Africa. The top five performing countries on the AGGI were, first Namibia (with a total score of 70.97), then Zambia (67.22), Ghana (65.01), Tanzania (61.34), and Togo (61.29). It is envisioned that going forward, this pilot GGI should be expanded in scope to include a greater number of African countries, as more data become available. The GGI data could also be used in other indices that may include the AfDB’s High 5s or the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. This will enable governments and development institutions to better monitor progress, and to mobilize and track resources where these are most needed.documents/document/gender-poverty-and-environmental-indicators-on-african-countries-2016-88189