The Evaluation of the Consumption of Additives and their relationship to the Food Products in Morocco
The mode of food products that is consumed in Kenitra has changed in the last decade due to the food products that are full of additives. These food products have become the dominant in supermarkets, and more consumed among students at schools. The result of this research that was conducted on a group of 517 packaged food products that were collected from baskets in the three public schools, and which takes two months, reveals that there are seven types of food products that are the dominant among students. These food products are: biscuits, sweets, chewing-gums, soft drinks, chocolates, chips, and dairy products. The same study was done through the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and shows that every food product is associated with certain group of additives. Moreover, the result shows that some food products contain a lot of additives in compared with others. For example, biscuits contain 6 additives, whereas sweets contain 2 additives. The evaluation of the ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) was done to show how much additives are consumed daily by every single student, and the statistical result was 4. 28 mg per day for elementary school students (E.S.S), 3.06 mg per day for secondary school students (S.S.S), and 2.14 mg per day for high school students (H.S.S).
N. Rhaiem, H. Sedki, M. Youss, Nassima Chahboun, M. Ouhssine